ThePipingMart Blog Grades 2014 Aluminium (UNS A92014) – Composition, Properties and Uses

2014 Aluminium (UNS A92014) – Composition, Properties and Uses

Aluminium 2014

UNS A92014 is a versatile alloy with properties that make it a great choice for many applications. It has excellent formability, corrosion resistance, and heat resistance and is easy to weld and machine. In this article, we’ll discuss the composition and chemical properties of Aluminium 2014, its physical properties, mechanical properties, uses, heat treatment processes, machining techniques, and welding capabilities.

2014 Aluminium Composition

UNS A92014 alloy consists of 92% aluminum (Al), 1.7-2.6% copper (Cu), 0.15-0.50% iron (Fe), 0.40-1.0% manganese (Mn), 0.30-0.80% silicon (Si), 0.25% magnesium (Mg) and traces of chromium (Cr) as well as other elements like zinc (Zn).

Element Content (%)
Aluminium / Aluminum, Al 93.5
Copper, Cu 4.4
Silicon, Si 0.8
Magnesium, Mg 0.5
Chromium, Cr 0.1 (Max)
Manganese, Mn 0.6

2014 Aluminium Chemical Properties

It has a high strength-to-weight ratio which makes it ideal for many applications in the automotive industry, like wheels, suspension components or frames, among others, due to its strength and lightweight characteristics, which help reduce fuel consumption while increasing speed and performance at the same time.

2014 Aluminium Physical Properties

UNS A92014 has an ultimate tensile strength of 545 MPa, which is higher than that of grade 2017A or 2024 aluminium alloys, making it ideal for parts where high tensile strength is required, such as engine components or connecting rods as well as parts needing fatigue resistance like landing gear components in aircrafts or load bearing components in bridges for instance. Its yield strength is about 485 MPa (4 times higher than pure aluminum), meaning it can be used for more demanding applications without fear that it will fail under stress when compared to other materials, such as steel alloys which have lower yield strengths but higher ultimate tensile strengths compared to aluminium alloys like Al2014.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 2.8 g/cm3 0.1018 lb/in3
Melting point 510°C 950°F

2014 Aluminium Mechanical Properties

Its elongation rate at break is about 10%, meaning it can be bent quite easily without breaking or cracking under stress, making it very suitable for forming complex shapes with minimal effort while still having good strength characteristics at the same time, making it ideal for parts requiring complex shapes such as air intake manifolds or exhaust systems among others in the automotive industry where weight savings are important but also a certain level of strength must be maintained to ensure safety while driving.

Properties Metric Imperial
Elastic modulus 70-80 GPa 10152-11603 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.33 0.33

2014 Aluminium Thermal Properties

Properties Conditions
T (ºC) Treatment
Thermal expansion 23 (10-6/ºC) 20-100
Thermal conductivity 192 (W/mK) 25 O

2014 Aluminium Equivalent

ASTM BB241 DIN 3.1255 MIL T-15089 QQ A-200/2 QQ A-225/4
QQ A-250/4 QQ A-367 SAE J454

2014 Aluminium Uses

This makes UNS A92014 a great choice for marine applications such as ships hulls, propellers, masts etc. It’s also suitable for use in chemical plants where strong acids could corrode other materials but not aluminium due to its protective oxide layer preventing oxidation, thus ensuring that parts made from this alloy remain intact even after long periods of exposure.

Corrosion Resistance

Aluminum 2014 has excellent corrosion resistance due to its composition, which makes it suitable for use in harsh environments where corrosion would otherwise damage other materials, such as seawater or sewage plants where salt water corrodes steel but not aluminium due to its protective oxide layer on its surface which prevents further oxidation from occurring keeping the metal intact even after prolonged exposure to corrosive environment.

Heat Resistance

Heat resistance is one of the most important properties of aluminium when it comes to its various applications. Aluminium 2014 offers unsurpassed heat resistance, making it a top choice for engine blocks and automotive components. Its enhanced thermal corrosion resistance also makes it an excellent choice for home appliances such as furnaces and structures like ovens, grills, and other cooking equipment. The increased heat resistance adds an extra layer of safety for any product that needs to remain extremely hot to work properly. Aluminum’s ability to stand the added heat makes things much more secure and reliable. Overall, aluminium 2014 offers excellent heat tolerance making it one of the most sought-after alloys on the market.

Heat Treatment

Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust and has many applications. However, the properties and form of aluminum can be improved by undergoing a special process known as heat treatment. This involves heating and then cooling the aluminium, allowing it to form an ultra-fine, crystalline structure that increases strength and elasticity. Heat-treated aluminum can withstand extreme temperatures and wear better compared to untreated aluminium. It is also easier to machine than unprocessed aluminum due to its enhanced machinability characteristics. Heat treatment of aluminium can be a powerful technique for optimizing the properties of this versatile metal and expanding its uses in many different areas, such as automotive engineering, aerospace technology, construction materials and consumer products.


Aluminium 2014 is a machining material with some significant advantages over other materials. It is resistant to corrosion, has high temperature and electrical resistance, and is both strong and lightweight. Machining aluminum 2014 yields the highest precision for most components that need to maintain tight tolerances and complex geometries. Despite its dense grain structure, it machines smoother and faster than many alternative materials, making it an ideal choice for aerospace, electronics and automotive engineering industries. Its malleability makes it easier to shape and form parts without sacrificing rigidity or integrity, offering unbeatable strength in custom designs.


Aluminium 2014 welding is an essential topic in metalworking today. It has many applications, from aerospace and automotive uses to more mundane applications. The process involves melting, forming and joining aluminum pieces with high temperatures and pressure. This allows for a strong bond that can replace many processes, such as riveting and bolting. Aluminium 2014 requires specialized knowledge and the right tools or equipment to be done correctly, so it is important to find experienced professionals who can do the job right. Whether aerospace or everyday use, aluminium 2014 welding can provide secure bonding solutions with a lasting finish.


In summary, Aluminum 2014 is an incredibly versatile alloy that offers excellent formability, corrosion resistance, heat resistance and mechanical properties, along with being relatively easy to weld and machine, making it ideal for part fabrication across multiple industries, including automotive manufacturing, marine engineering, aerospace engineering, chemical processing etc. This makes Al2014 one of the most popular alloys used today, thanks to its versatility and ability to withstand harsh environments while maintaining structural integrity over extended periods. With all these features combined, this alloy offers unparalleled performance when compared with other materials making it an optimal choice when selecting a material type for your next project!

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