ThePipingMart Blog Grades C114 Copper (C11400) – Composition, Properties, and Uses

C114 Copper (C11400) – Composition, Properties, and Uses

Copper C114

C11400 is a type of copper alloy that is commonly used in many industrial applications. It offers a number of beneficial properties, including good corrosion resistance, excellent electrical conductivity, and superior wear resistance. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at the composition and physical properties of Copper C114, as well as its uses and machinability.

What Forms is C114 Copper Available at Piping Mart?

  • Copper C114 Pipes
  • Copper C114 Tubes
  • Copper C114 Bolts
  • Copper C114 Flanges
  • Copper C114 Bars
  • Copper C114 Valves
  • Copper C114 Plates

C114 Copper Composition

Copper C114 is composed primarily of copper with small amounts of other elements, such as silicon and aluminum. This unique combination gives it superior corrosion resistance compared to pure copper alloys.

Nominal Minimum Maxiumum
Copper + Silver 99.90
Silver 10oz./ton*
Oxygen .04

C114 Copper Chemical Properties

C11400 has excellent electrical conductivity, making it ideal for use in electrical wiring applications. It also has low contact resistance, which makes it well-suited for electronic components such as switches and connectors.

C114 Copper Mechanical Properties

Copper C114 is a solid solution-strengthened alloy primarily composed of copper and zinc with small amounts of other metals. It is characterized by excellent mechanical properties, such as high strength, good ductility, excellent wear resistance, and value retention. This makes it an ideal choice for many engineering applications where reliability and durability are particularly important. Interestingly, it also has superior corrosion resistance compared to its unalloyed counterparts, meaning it is able to outlast conventional materials in innumerable settings. Its ability to withstand extreme temperatures and elemental exposure has made Copper C114 a popular choice across industries, including electronics, automotive, and aerospace components.

C114 Copper Physical Properties

The physical properties of C114 Copper make it an ideal material for many different applications. It has excellent tensile strength, making it resistant to wear and tear even in harsh environments. It also has good heat resistance up to 600°F (315°C), allowing it to be used in high-temperature applications such as automotive engines or boilers. Additionally, Copper C114 offers superior machinability due to its low melting point and ductility.

English Units
Melting Point (Liquidus) 1,980°F 1,082°C
Melting Point (Solidus)
Density .321-.323 lb./cu. in. @ 68°F 8.89-8.94 gm./cu. cm. @ 20°C
Specific Gravity 8.89-8.94 8.89-8.94
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion .0000098 per °F from 68°F to 572°F .0000177 per °C from 20°C to 300°C
Thermal Conductivity 224 Btu./sq. ft./ft./hr./°F @ 68°F .927 cal /sq. cm /cm /seC /°C @ 20°C
Electrical Resistivity (Annealed) 10.4 Ohms (cirC mil./ft.) @ 68°F 1.72 Microhm-cm @ 20°C
Electrical Conductivity* (Annealed) 100% IACS @ 68°F .580 Megohm-cm @ 20°C
Thermal Capacity (Specific Heat) .092 Btu./lb./°F @ 68°F .092 cal /gm./°C @ 20°C
Modulus of Elasticity (Tension) 17,000,000 psi 12,000 Kg./sq. mm.
Modulus of Rigidity 6,400,000 psi 4,500 Kg./sq. mm.

Copper C114 Specifications

  • ASTM B1
  • ASTM B116
  • ASTM B152
  • ASTM B172
  • ASTM B173
  • ASTM B174
  • ASTM B187
  • ASTM B188
  • ASTM B189
  • ASTM B2
  • ASTM B224
  • ASTM B226
  • ASTM B229
  • ASTM B246
  • ASTM B272
  • ASTM B286
  • ASTM B298
  • ASTM B3
  • ASTM B355
  • ASTM B442
  • ASTM B47
  • ASTM B470
  • ASTM B48
  • ASTM B49
  • ASTM B496
  • ASTM B5
  • ASTM B506
  • ASTM B623
  • ASTM B8
  • MIL B-20292
  • QQ B575
  • SAE J461
  • SAE J463
  • UNS C11400

C114 Copper Uses

Due to its superior properties, C11400 is widely used in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, electronics, power generation, construction, and manufacturing. It is often used in the manufacture of electronic components due to its excellent electrical conductivity and low contact resistance. Additionally, it is commonly used in heat exchangers due to its high thermal conductivity and good corrosion resistance. Finally, its superior machinability makes it an ideal choice for precision parts where intricate shapes are required.

  • Copper is an essential trace mineral that is required for the proper function of numerous enzymes in the body.
  • Copper plays a role in immune function, bone strength, and cardiovascular health.
  • Copper is necessary for the absorption and utilization of iron.
  • Copper deficiency can lead to a variety of health problems, including anemia, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease.
  • Copper supplements are available in a variety of forms, including tablets, capsules, and liquids.

Corrosion Resistance

C11400 has excellent corrosion resistance thanks to the presence of small amounts of silicon and aluminum in its composition, which forms protective oxide layers on the surface when exposed to air or water vapor over time.

Heat Treatment

The melting point of this alloy is relatively low (1550°F/850°C), heat treatment can be easily performed without compromising mechanical strength or other physical properties.

Machining & Finishing

Finally, due to its superior machinability compared with pure copper alloys, along with other benefits mentioned above, make this alloy an ideal choice for precision parts requiring intricate shapes or tight tolerances such as connectors or switches, which require precise dimensions for proper operation. In addition, the surface finish can be improved by performing certain finishing operations such as buffing, polishing, deburring, etc.


Overall, Copper C114 offers a number of beneficial properties that make it suitable for a wide rangeof industrial applications. Its superior corrosion resistance, high thermal conductivity,excellent electrical conductivity along with good wear resistance make it an ideal choice for many different industries. In addition, its relatively low melting point allows for easy heat treatment while also providing superb machinability. Ultimately, these attributes make Copper C114 a great option when looking for materials suitable for precision parts requiring intricate shapes or tight tolerances.

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