ThePipingMart Blog Grades Magnesium ZK60A (M16600) – Composition, Properties, and Uses

Magnesium ZK60A (M16600) – Composition, Properties, and Uses

Magnesium ZK60A

Magnesium alloys have been known for their excellent mechanical and physical properties, making them the preferred choice for various aerospace and automotive applications. Among the different magnesium alloys, Magnesium ZK60A is one of the most versatile and reliable materials due to its superior corrosion resistance and lightness. In this blog post, we will explore everything you need to know about Magnesium ZK60A, from its composition, mechanical and physical properties, uses, heat treatment, machining, welding, and corrosion resistance.

What is Magnesium ZK60A?

Magnesium ZK60A is a type of magnesium alloy that is known for being lightweight and strong, making it a popular choice in industries where weight is a concern. In fact, this alloy is often used in aerospace and aviation applications, as well as in sporting goods like tennis racquets and baseball bats. But what makes Magnesium ZK60A truly special? Its unique composition gives it excellent corrosion resistance and a high shock-absorbing capacity, making it ideal for use in difficult environments. So, whether you’re soaring through the skies or hitting a home run, Magnesium ZK60A may just be the material that makes it all possible.

Magnesium ZK60A Composition

Magnesium ZK60A is a magnesium alloy that contains 5.5% to 6.5% zinc and 0.45% to 0.90% zirconium. The alloy is strengthened by a magnesium-zinc intermetallic compound, which increases its durability and strength compared to other magnesium alloys. Magnesium ZK60A contains small amounts of other elements such as aluminium, manganese, and copper.

Element Content (%)
Magnesium, Mg 94
Zinc, Zn 4.80-6.20
Zirconium, Zr ≥ 0.45

Magnesium ZK60A Mechanical Properties

Magnesium ZK60A boasts impressive mechanical properties, making it a popular material in high-stress environments. It has a tensile strength of 330 MPa (MegaPascals), yield strength of 220 MPa, and an elastic modulus of 44 GPa. These properties make Magnesium ZK60A stronger and more durable than its competitors, such as aluminium alloys.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 365 MPa 52900 psi
Yield strength (@ strain 0.200%) 305 MPa 44200 psi
Compressive yield strength (at 0.2% offset) 250 MPa 36300 psi
Ultimate bearing strength 585 MPa 84800 psi
Bearing yield strength 405 MPa 58700 psi
Shear strength 180 MPa 26100 psi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 17 GPa 2470 ksi
Elastic modulus 44.8 GPa 6498 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.35 0.35
Elongation at break (in 50 mm) 11% 11%
Hardness, Brinell (500 kg load, 10 mm ball) 88 88
Hardness, Knoop (estimated from Brinell) 113 113
Hardness, Rockwell A (estimated from Brinell) 37.5 37.5
Hardness, Rockwell B (estimated from Brinell) 55 55
Hardness, Vickers (estimated from Brinell) 100 100
Machinability (relative rating, 100=best) 100 100

Magnesium ZK60A Physical Properties

The physical properties of Magnesium ZK60A make it a material of choice for many industries. It is lightweight, with a density of 1.77 g/cm³, making it ideal for applications that require high strength and low weight. Additionally, Magnesium ZK60A has good thermal conductivity and is excellent at damping vibrations, which makes it perfect for noise reduction in engine compartments.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 1.83 g/cm3 0.0661 lb/in³

Magnesium ZK60A Thermal Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@ 0-100°C/32-212°F) 26 µm/m°C 14.4 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity 120 W/mK 833 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

Magnesium ZK60A Equivalent

Other designations that are equivalent to magnesium ZK60A alloy include:

  • ASTM B107
  • ASTM B91

Magnesium ZK60A Uses

Magnesium ZK60A’s unique properties make it suitable for various aerospace, defence, automotive, and medical applications. Specifically, aerospace and defence industries use Magnesium ZK60A to manufacture critical aircraft parts, such as structural components, landing gear parts, bomb casings, and missile bodies. The automotive industry uses Magnesium ZK60A to produce lightweight engine parts, such as valve covers and cam covers. Magnesium ZK60A is used in the medical industry to manufacture biodegradable implants because of its excellent biocompatibility.

Magnesium ZK60A Corrosion Resistance

Magnesium ZK60A has excellent resistance to corrosion, including stress-corrosion cracking, which makes it a reliable material in harsh environments. The high zinc content in the alloy forms a protective layer on the surface of the magnesium, which prevents the formation of pits and cracks. This property makes Magnesium ZK60A particularly useful in marine and military applications.

Magnesium ZK60A Heat Treatment

Magnesium ZK60A alloy can be heat-treated to improve its mechanical properties further. Heat treatment involves solutionizing the material at high temperatures followed by rapid quenching in water. This process enhances the hardness, strength, and flexibility of Magnesium ZK60A, making it more resistant to deformation and fatigue.

Magnesium ZK60A Machining

Magnesium ZK60A is challenging to machine due to its high reactivity and tendency to stick to cutting tools. However, machining Magnesium ZK60A can be done efficiently with careful tool selection and temperature control. Using diamond-coated tools, controlling cutting speed and feed, and ensuring adequate cooling and lubrication can prolong the tool’s life and improve machining quality.

Magnesium ZK60A Welding

Magnesium ZK60A can be welded using various techniques, such as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) and gas metal arc welding (GMAW). However, welding Magnesium ZK60A can be challenging due to its high oxygen reactivity and susceptibility to cracking from hydrogen embrittlement. As such, specialized welding techniques and equipment must be employed to weld Magnesium ZK60A successfully.


Magnesium ZK60A is a versatile and reliable magnesium alloy with impressive mechanical and physical properties. With its high zinc content, Magnesium ZK60A has excellent corrosion resistance, lightness, and strength, making it perfect for various applications, including aerospace, automotive, and medical industries. While machining and welding Magnesium ZK60A can be challenging, heat treatment techniques can improve mechanical properties. With its unique features, Magnesium ZK60A is the superior choice for durable and lightweight applications.

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