ThePipingMart Blog Grades SAE 942X – Composition, Properties, Uses

SAE 942X – Composition, Properties, Uses

SAE 942X

Metals have made significant contributions to the development of human civilization. Throughout history, mankind has discovered various elements and alloys with unique properties and features that make them perfect for specific applications. One such alloy is SAE 942X, commonly used in industrial and engineering applications. In this blog post, we will discuss everything you need to know about SAE 942X, from its composition, physical and mechanical properties, uses, heat treatment, welding, corrosion resistance, and much more.

SAE 942X Composition

SAE 942X is a low-alloy steel that combines iron, carbon, and other chemical elements such as chromium, nickel, molybdenum, and vanadium. These elements contribute to the strength and hardness of the alloy.

Weight %

SAE 942X Physical Properties

The physical properties of SAE 942X include a density between 7.85-7.87 g/cm3 and a melting point between 1432-1470 °C. SAE 942X also has good thermal conductivity, making it ideal for heat transfer applications.

SAE 942X Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of SAE 942X are excellent, making it suitable for high-stress applications. It has high tensile and yield strength, making it ideal for heavy-duty equipment. The alloy is also highly resistant to wear and tear, making it perfect for components subjected to friction and high loads.

T (°C)
Density (×1000 kg/m3)
Poisson’s Ratio
Elastic Modulus (GPa)
Tensile Strength (Mpa)
(plate, shapes and bar to 100 mm)
Yield Strength (Mpa)
Elongation (%)
Reduction in Area (%)

SAE 942X Uses

SAE 942X is a versatile alloy that finds its applications in various industries. It is commonly used to manufacture gears, shafts, piston rods, spindles, and other critical components of machines that require high strength and durability. It is also used to manufacture tools such as wrenches and pliers.

SAE 942X Hardness

The hardness of SAE 942X is between 250-300 Brinell, making it a tough and durable alloy. Its high hardness and strength make it resistant to deformation and chipping, ensuring it retains its shape and form even under extreme conditions.

SAE 942X Heat Treatment

Heat treatment is a process that is used to enhance the mechanical properties of metals and alloys. SAE 942X is amenable to heat treatment and can be subjected to functions such as annealing, quenching, and tempering, depending on the desired properties.

SAE 942X Welding

Welding is a critical aspect of manufacturing as it enables different components and parts to join. SAE 942X can be welded using gas tungsten arc welding, gas metal arc welding, and shielded metal arc welding.

SAE 942X Corrosion Resistance

Corrosion is a phenomenon that causes metal components to deteriorate and lose their strength and integrity. SAE 942X has excellent corrosion resistance and can resist degradation even in harsh environments.


In conclusion, SAE 942X is an excellent alloy with unique properties that make it suitable for several industrial and engineering applications. Its chemical composition contributes to its high strength and wear resistance, while its physical properties make it ideal for heat transfer applications. Its mechanical properties make it suitable for heavy-duty applications, and it can be subjected to heat treatment techniques to enhance its properties further. Its welding and corrosion resistance properties make it easy to work with and suitable for harsh environments.

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