ThePipingMart Blog Grades SAE – AISI 1006 Steel (UNS G10060) – Composition, Properties, and Uses

SAE – AISI 1006 Steel (UNS G10060) – Composition, Properties, and Uses

SAEAISI 1006 Steel

Steel is an incredibly important material in many industries, and the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) has established a wide range of standard steel grades. One of the most popular is SAE/AISI 1006. This type of steel is well-suited for many applications, including automotive parts, machinery components, and construction materials, due to its strength and durability. Let’s take a closer look at what makes SAE/AISI 1006 so special.

What is AISI 1006 steel?

UNS g10060 steel is an industrial steel used for various applications that require structural strength at a relatively low cost. It is known for its high ductility, good weldability, and malleable qualities, making it ideal for mechanical parts and components in buildings, railways, and automotive structures. Although slightly more expensive than other metals, AISI 1006 steel remains popular among industrial builders and contractors due to its strength, durability, and versatility. Additionally, its non-magnetic features make it useful in electrical power engineering projects and equipment. In conclusion, the AISI 1006 steel offers unique benefits that make it attractive when looking to build or engineer parts of any kind.

What Forms is SAE – AISI 1006 Steel Available at Piping Mart?

  • AISI 1006 Bars
  • AISI 1006Bolts
  • AISI 1006 Pipes
  • AISI 1006 Screw
  • AISI 1006 Tubing
  • AISI 1006 Valves
  • AISI 1006 Washers
  • AISI 1006 Flanges
  • AISI 1006 Fasteners
  • AISI 1006 Electrodes
  • AISI 1006 Stud Bolts
  • AISI 1006 Sheet Plates
  • AISI 1006 Pipe Fittings

AISI 1006 Steel Chemical Composition

UNS g10060 comprises carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, and silicon. Adding these elements gives it superior mechanical properties while making it more economical than other carbon steels. This makes SAE 1006 ideal for applications such as automotive parts where cost is a major factor.

Element Content (%)
Iron, Fe 99.43-99.75
Manganese, Mn 0.25-0.40
Carbon, C 0.080
Sulfur, S 0.050
Phosphorous, P 0.040

SAE – AISI 1006 Steel Chemical Properties

The chemical composition of SAE 1006 gives it exceptional physical properties such as high tensile strength (as much as 1070 MPa), yield strength (as much as 925 MPa), good ductility (up to 20% elongation), excellent weldability, and good machinability. It also offers excellent corrosion resistance compared to other carbon steels thanks to its low sulfur content. It can be used in temperatures up to 400°F without any risk of deformation or embrittlement.

SAE – AISI 1006 Steel Physical Properties

The SAE/AISI 1006 (UNS g10060) is an excellent choice for a wide range of applications due to its combination of physical properties. It has an impressive strength-to-weight ratio, making it ideal for various structural uses and lightweight components. Furthermore, it boasts good formability and weldability, making shaping and joining quickly easy. On top of that, the material has superior corrosion resistance when compared to other steels with similar mechanical properties, making it suitable for use in saltwater environments. Thanks to all these features and more, SAE/AISI 1006 can be used for any project.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.872 g/cm3 0.2844 lb/in³

SAE 1006 Steel Mechanical Properties

The SAE/AISI, 1006 grade steel, is a low-carbon steel with excellent formability and weldability characteristics. It is a choice material for many mechanical applications with superior tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation values. The AISI 1006 grade steel stands out with its good ductility and resistance to fatigue. Its ability to resist plastic deformation even at cryogenic temperatures renders it ideal for cryogenic applications. This material’s corrosion and oxidation resistance data also make it suitable for use in highly corrosive environments such as marine and industrial settings. All in all, the properties of the SAE/AISI 1006 grade steel give it great potential for many mechanical uses and applications.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 330 MPa 47900 psi
Yield strength (depending on temper) 285 MPa 41300 psi
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi
Bulk modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 80.0 GPa 11600 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Elongation at break (in 50 mm) 20% 20%
Reduction of area 45% 45%
Hardness, Brinell 95 95
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 113 113
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 55 55
Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness) 98 98
Machinability (based on AISI 1212 steel as 100 machinability) The machinability of group I bar, rod, and wire products can be improved by cold drawing) 50 50

AISI 1006 Grade Steel Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of AISI 1006 carbon steel are tabulated below.

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion coefficient (@0.000-100°C/32-212°F) 12.6 µm/m°C 7 µin/in°F

SAE – AISI UNS G10060 Steel Uses

Due to its strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, and weldability, SAE 1006 steel grade can be used in various applications ranging from automotive parts like engine blocks and wheel rims to construction materials like rebar and bolts. It can also be used in heat treatment processes that involve heating the metal above its recrystallization temperature before cooling it quickly to prevent further deformation or embrittlement. The low carbon content makes it easy to machine, which means it can easily be shaped into complex shapes with minimal effort.

SAE – AISI 1006 Steel Equivalent

  • AMS 5041
  • ASME 5041
  • ASTM A29
  • ASTM A510
  • ASTM A545
  • FED QQ-W-461
  • MIL SPEC MIL-S-11310 (CS1006)
  • SAE J403
  • SAE J412 (1005)
  • SAE J414

SAE – AISI 1006 Steel Specifications

AISI 1006 Steel Round bar steel: 1mm to 3000mm

AISI 1006 Steel Square-shape steel: 1mm to 2000mm

AISI 1006 Steel Plate steel:0.1mm to 2500mm

AISI 1006 Steel Width: 10mm to 2500mm

AISI 1006 Steel Lenth: We can supply any lenth based on the customer’s requirement.

AISI 1006 Steel Forging: Shafts with flanks/pipes/tubes/slugs/donuts/cubes/other shapes

AISI 1006 Steel Tubings: OD: φ6-219 mm, with wall thickness ranging from 1-35 mm.

Corrosion Resistance

The anti-corrosion properties of SAE/AISI 1006 steel are well known, making it a popular choice in many industries. When cooled, its malleability and high strength allow for use in various components that must last despite frequent exposure to wet or acidic conditions. Its reasonable price makes it appealing as an economical option when working with projects under tight budgets. As an added bonus, this type of steel is also easy to work with thanks to low forming requirements and softness that facilitates forming without additional special treatments. Overall, SAE/AISI 1006 is an excellent choice for operations where corrosion resistance is paramount.

Heat Resistance

SAE UNS G10060 steel is renowned for its heat resistance, making it ideal for various applications. As an alloy of carbon and iron, 1006 offers superior hardness and strength without being susceptible to thermal fatigue cracking in high temperatures. It also has good formability and low-cost production compared to other steels, making it one of the most widely used in industry today to achieve strength under unfavourable conditions. Due to its superior properties and cost-effectiveness, SAE/AISI 1006 is one of the go-to options for heat-resistant steel.

Heat Treatment

Due to its versatility, SAE/AISI UNS G10060 is a low-carbon, general-purpose steel highly popular among engineers and manufacturers. It has become a choice material for many applications and requires heat treatment to create the desired properties. Heat treating SAE/AISI 1006 grade includes annealing, normalizing, and hardening. Heat treatment on this steel increases its mechanical properties and strength while improving ductility. The specific details of heat treatment can be tailored to the individual application and may require special process conditions or different cooling methods after heat treatment. With accurate temperature control and good timing during heating, SAE/AISI 1006 can provide excellent results for engineering processes.


Machining AISI 1006 steel is an important process for product manufacturers in various industries. It is useful for fabricating components such as gears and shafts in machines, high-strength fasteners and other tools. AISI 1006 Grade has excellent formability, weldability, and machinability when used with the right techniques, tools, and measurements. Tool steels are often case-hardened to increase the wear resistance for machining operations such as drilling, cutting, turning, and milling. Secondary operations like grinding can also achieve a cleaner finish on components made from AISI 1006 steel. Modern CNC machines provide exceptional accuracy, ensuring consistent results while achieving higher speeds.


In conclusion, UNS G10060 is an all-around great choice for many industries due to its strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, weldability, machinability, and affordability. Its properties make it ideal for automotive parts, construction materials, heat treatment processes, rebar, bolts, engine blocks, wheel rims, and more! With such versatility comes great potential—especially when considering how strong yet affordable this type of steel can be! Whether you are looking for something lightweight but strong or something cost-effective but durable—SAE / AISI1006 may be what you’re looking for!

Related Post