ThePipingMart Blog Grades SAE AMS 7906 – Composition, Properties, and Uses

SAE AMS 7906 – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AMS 7906

AMS 7906 is a popular grade of precipitation-hardening stainless steel widely used in aerospace due to its exceptional strength and corrosion resistance. It is a martensitic stainless steel with a special ageing process to achieve its unique properties. This article will discuss the composition, physical and mechanical properties, hardness, heat treatment, and uses of AMS 7906 in detail.

AMS 7906 Composition

The composition of AMS 7906 Grade stainless steel is unique and contributes to its strength and corrosion resistance. It consists of iron (Fe), approximately 13% chromium (Cr), 1.0% nickel (Ni), 0.3% cobalt (Co), 0.3% copper (Cu), 0.3% aluminium (Al), and 0.1% tungsten (W). The carbon content of AMS 7906 ranges between 0.07% and 0.13%. These elements combine to form an incredibly strong, stiff, and corrosion-resistant alloy that can withstand high temperatures and harsh environments.

AMS 7906 Physical Properties

AMS 7906 has excellent physical properties, making it a go-to choice in the aerospace industry. Its density is around 7.8 g/cm3, with a high specific heat capacity of about 0.5 J/g.K. The thermal conductivity of this alloy is relatively low at 20 W/m.K, but it compensates for this with its superior strength and toughness.

AMS 7906 Mechanical Properties

AMS 7906 Grade of stainless steel has exceptional mechanical properties due to its precipitation-hardening method. It has a tensile strength of 185 ksi (1279 MPa) and a yield strength of 170 ksi (1173 MPa), making it suitable for high-stress applications. It also has a high fatigue resistance, making it ideal for fatigue-loaded components in aircraft structures. The elongation of AMS 7906 is approximately 4%, and its toughness is around 45 J.

AMS 7906 Uses

Due to its unique physical and mechanical properties, AMS 7906 is commonly used in the aerospace industry. It is utilized to manufacture critical components such as engine components, landing gear, aircraft frames, and fuel tanks. Due to its high-strength and corrosion-resistant properties, it is also used in marine and oil exploration industries. AMS 7906 is known for its exceptional durability and longevity.

AMS 7906 Hardness

AMS 7906 has a remarkable hardness that further adds strength and toughness. Its standard hardness values range from 30 HRC to 56 HRC depending on the temper. However, it is crucial to understand that the hardness of this alloy depends on the heat treatment given. Applying the right heat treatment can increase its hardness, making it more robust and corrosion-resistant.

AMS 7906 Heat Treatment

The heat treatment of AMS 7906 is essential to achieve its unique properties. The solution annealing process involves heating the alloy to 1035 to 1065°C (1895 to 1950°F), followed by water quenching to achieve a single-phase austenite structure. Subsequently, ageing at 480°C (895°F) for around 4 hours precipitates the strengthening phase. It must be aged at 525°C (977°F) for four hours to attain maximum strength and hardness. The proper heat treatment enhances the mechanical strength and toughness of AMS 7906.


AMS 7906 is a unique martensitic stainless steel alloy, precipitation-hardened and prized worldwide for its high strength, toughness, and corrosion resistance. Its excellent properties make it highly suitable for manufacturing critical components in the aerospace and marine industries. The heat treatment of this alloy plays a vital role in determining its strength, hardness, and toughness. Understanding the composition, physical and mechanical properties, hardness, and heat treatment of AMS 7906 are crucial to appreciating its superior performance.

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