ThePipingMart Blog Grades UNS C26800 Yellow Brass – Composition, Properties, and Uses

UNS C26800 Yellow Brass – Composition, Properties, and Uses

C26800 Brass

C26800 brass is a popular copper-zinc alloy with numerous applications in various industries, including plumbing, electrical, construction, and automotive. This alloy, also known as “yellow brass,” boasts exceptional mechanical and physical properties, making it a highly versatile material sought after for different purposes. This blog post will delve deeper into the composition, physical properties, mechanical properties, uses, hardness, heat treatment, welding, and corrosion resistance of C26800 brass.

C26800 Composition

C26800 brass comprises 66% copper and 34% zinc, with small amounts of lead, iron, and tin. Zinc in this alloy gives it excellent corrosion resistance while adding information improves machinability. However, the high lead content makes it unsuitable for welding or soldering.

Element Content(%)
Iron, Fe ≤ 0.050
Lead, Pb ≤ 0.15
Zinc, Zn 31.3 – 36.0
Copper, Cu 65.0

C26800 Physical Properties

C26800 brass has a density of 8.53 g/cm³, a melting point of 889-905 °C, and a thermal conductivity of 121 W/m.K. This alloy is non-magnetic, has low conductivity, and is easily malleable. C26800 brass also exhibits a bright, yellowish-gold colour, which makes it an appealing material for decorative purposes.

Properties Metric Imperial
Density 8.47 g/cm3 0.306 lb/in3
Melting point 904°C 1660°F

C26800 Mechanical Properties

C26800 brass is a malleable alloy with excellent ductility and cold-working properties, making it easy to form into different shapes. It also has good tensile and yield strength, making it durable and long-lasting.

Properties Metric Imperial
Hardness, Rockwell F 58 58
Hardness, HR30T 15 15
Tensile strength, 315 MPa 45700 psi
Yeild strength 97.0 MPa 14100 psi
Elongation at break 65.00% 65.00%
Shear strength 220 MPa 31900 psi

C26800 Thermal Properties

Properties Metric Imperial
Thermal expansion co-efficient (@20-300°C/68-572°F) 20.3 µm/m°C 11.30 µin/in°F
Thermal conductivity(@20°C/68°F) 116.0 W/mK 67 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

C26800 Equivalents

  • ASTM B36
  • ASTM B587
  • MIL W-6712
  • SAE J461
  • SAE J463

C26800 Uses

C26800 brass is commonly used for plumbing fixtures, electrical components, decorative hardware, and automotive parts. Its excellent corrosion resistance and malleability make it a popular material for plumbing fixtures such as valves, faucets, and pipe fittings. Its conductivity makes it ideal for electrical components such as switchgear, bus bars, and connectors. Its decorative finish enhances its use in door and window hardware, locks, and lighting fixtures.

C26800 Hardness

C26800 brass has a moderate hardness with a Rockwell B score of 79, making it easy to work using standard machining processes. Its softness and malleability allow it to be formed into intricate shapes without cracking or breaking.

C26800 Brass Heat Treatment

C26800 brass can be heat treated to improve its mechanical properties and hardness. This is achieved through a process known as annealing, which involves heating the alloy to a temperature of 700-900 °C, followed by quenching in water.

C26800 Brass Welding

Welding C26800 brass is challenging due to its high lead content, which can lead to brittleness and cracks in the weld. However, it can be welded using brazing techniques with suitable filler metals that match the composition of the alloy.

C26800 Brass Corrosion Resistance

C26800 brass exhibits excellent resistance to corrosion, especially in seawater and marine environments. The addition of zinc to the alloy creates a protective layer that prevents rust and corrosion. This property is ideal for marine and offshore applications with high moisture and saltwater exposure.


C26800 brass is a copper-zinc alloy that is highly versatile, durable, and corrosion-resistant. Its composition, physical and mechanical properties, and ease of fabrication make it popular for plumbing, electrical, decorative, and automotive applications. Its hardness, heat treatment, welding, and corrosion resistance have been discussed in detail in this blog post, making it easier for beginners to understand the properties and uses of this alloy.

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