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5 Types of Lead Metal and Their Uses

Lead Metal

Lead metal is one of the most essential elements in chemistry. It has been used for centuries to make various products, including bullets, batteries, and radiation shields. There are different types of lead metal, each with its unique characteristics and properties. This article will discuss the different kinds of lead metal and their uses.


Types of Lead Metal

Pure lead

Pure lead is the most common and traditional type of lead metal. It is easy to shape, has a low melting point, and is highly corrosion-resistant. Pure lead is commonly used to produce weights, fishing sinkers, and cable sheathing. It is also used for radiation protection and as a filler in batteries.

Lead alloys are created when other metals are added to pure lead. These alloys have unique properties that make them suitable for various applications. For example, lead-calcium alloy is commonly used in batteries, while lead-antimony alloy is used for making bullets. Lead-tin alloys are used in soldering and as a lining for tanks and pipes.

Red Lead

Red lead is an oxide commonly used to coat metal surfaces. It is also called lead tetroxide and has a reddish-orange colour. Red lead is highly corrosion-resistant and often used for rust protection. It is also used as a pigment in paints and dyes.

Lead Glass

Lead glass is a type of glass that contains lead oxide. It has a high refractive index, which means it can bend light more than regular glass. Lead glass is commonly used for making lenses, prisms, and decorative items. It is also used in the production of CRT televisions and computer monitors.

Lead Sheet

A lead sheet is a thin sheet of lead commonly used for roofing, flashing, and radiation protection. It is highly resistant to corrosion and is easy to shape and install. A lead sheet is also used as a soundproofing material, as it absorbs sound waves.


In conclusion, lead metal has numerous uses in various industries, and the different types cater to other applications. Understanding the different types of lead metals and their properties can help you select the suitable lead material for your specific requirements. It is also important to note that lead metal is a toxic material that should be handled with care and disposed of in a responsible manner.

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