ThePipingMart Blog Metals Duplex Stainless Steel vs 316 Price – What’s the Difference

Duplex Stainless Steel vs 316 Price – What’s the Difference

Duplex Stainless Steel vs 316 Price

If you’re in the market for stainless steel, you may have heard of duplex stainless steel and wondered what it is and how it compares to 316 stainless steel. This blog post will discuss the differences between these two alloys, their similarities, and which might be better for your project.

What Is Duplex Stainless Steel?

Duplex stainless steel combines austenitic and ferritic grades of stainless steel that offer superior corrosion resistance and strength compared to other grades of stainless steel. The name “duplex” comes from its two-phase microstructure—one part austenitic, one part ferritic—which makes up roughly 50% of each. This microstructure provides both excellent corrosion resistance and high strength with good weldability.

What Is 316 Stainless Steel?

316 stainless steel (also known as A4 grade) is the most common form of austenitic grade used for structural applications. It has excellent corrosion resistance in a wide range of media, including seawater, brackish water, drinking water, chemicals, acids, alkalis, food products and more. It also has superior mechanical properties at low temperatures due to its higher nickel content than other austenitic grades like 304 or 347. Additionally, 316 offers good formability when welding or bending due to its low carbon content.

Differences Between Duplex Stainless Steel and 316 Price

The primary differences between duplex stainless steel vs 316 are their composition and cost. The duplex alloy contains austenite and ferrite, whereas 316 is an austenitic grade. This means that while duplex offers superior corrosion resistance compared to other grades like 304 or 302 due to its two-phase microstructure, it does not provide the same level as 316, which has a higher nickel content making it more resistant than either 304 or 302 against chloride pitting corrosion caused by salt water exposure. Additionally, duplex costs significantly more than standard austenitic grades like 304 or even 316, making it less attractive for budget-conscious buyers who cannot justify the extra expense for the added benefits offered by duplex alloys, such as increased strength at lower temperatures and superior corrosion resistance in specific applications such as seawater exposure or high-pressure environments where crevice corrosion could be an issue with regular austenitic grades like 304L or 301LN.


When considering which alloy best suits your application needs between duplex stainless steel vs 316, several factors need to be considered, including cost versus performance benefits as well as specific environmental factors such as corrosive elements present in any given application environment where either type may be used. If cost isn’t a major factor, but performance requirements are stringent, then duplex may be worth investigating further. At the same time, if budget constraints keep you from opting for the additional benefits provided by duplex, then standard austenitic grades like 304L or 301LN can provide acceptable performance levels depending on environmental conditions at your location where either type will be used. Ultimately only you can decide which alloy best fits your particular needs based on your unique situation, so do sufficient research before making a decision!

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