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Hardox vs AR Steel – What’s the Difference

Hardox vs AR Steel

When choosing the right steel grade for a specific application, it’s important to consider all the factors involved. Two of the most common steel grades are Hardox and AR, and while they share some similarities, they also have specific differences that set them apart. So, what are the differences between Hardox and AR steel? In this article, we’ll take a closer look at both types of steel and compare them in various aspects.

What is Hardox?

Hardox is a wear-resistant steel ideal for challenging conditions with a risk of abrasion, impact, or sliding wear. It’s used in mining, construction, and recycling industries and offers excellent toughness, durability and resistance to wear. One key difference between Hardox and AR steel is that Hardox is specifically designed to withstand extreme wear and tear. In contrast, AR steel is more general-purpose steel used in various applications. Hardox is also more resistant to cracking and surface damage than AR steel, making it more suitable for bending, drilling, or welding processes.

What is AR?

AR steel is a high-carbon steel known for its strength and hardness. It’s often used in applications where toughness and durability are important, such as in the construction of heavy equipment and machinery. The ‘AR’ in AR steel stands for ‘Abrasion Resistant’, which means the steel is resistant to wear and tear caused by abrasion. However, it’s important to note that AR steel has a lower resistance level than Hardox to certain types of wear, such as impact or sliding wear. AR steel is also more prone to surface damage and cracks, especially when exposed to high-stress conditions.

Difference Between Hardox and AR Steel

Hardness and Strength

When it comes to hardness and strength, both Hardox and AR steel are strong and durable materials. However, some differences in their physical properties set them apart. For example, Hardox has a higher Brinell hardness rating than AR steel. This means it’s more resistant to indentation and deformation caused by rocks or gravel. Hardox also has higher tensile and yield strength, which means it can support heavier loads and withstand more stress before deformation or failure.


Another important factor to consider when comparing Hardox and AR steel is cost. Since Hardox is a more specialized and high-performance steel, it’s generally more expensive than AR steel. However, the higher cost also means a longer lifespan, reduced maintenance costs, and increased productivity. On the other hand, while AR steel may be more affordable, it may require frequent replacement and maintenance, impacting the project’s overall cost in the long run.


In conclusion, Hardox and AR steel have unique properties that make them suitable for different applications. Hardox is ideal for applications where extreme wear and tear are expected, and it offers superior durability and toughness compared to AR steel. AR steel, conversely, is a more general-purpose steel suited for a wide range of applications and known for its strength and hardness. Ultimately, the choice between Hardox and AR steel depends on the application’s specific requirements, the expected wear and tear, and the budget constraints. By understanding each steel type’s key differences and benefits, you can make an informed decision and choose the right material for your project.

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