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Molybdenum vs Vanadium – What’s the Difference

Molybdenum vs Vanadium

Metals are fascinating materials that have played a significant role in human history, from the Bronze Age to the Industrial Revolution. Metals still hold a prominent place in our modern world, with countless applications in industries ranging from construction to electronics. Two such metals are molybdenum and vanadium, which both possess unique properties that make them useful in various applications. In this blog post, we’ll look at these metals, explore their properties, and discuss some of their common uses.

What is Molybdenum?

Molybdenum is a silvery-white metal that has a high melting point and is resistant to corrosion. It is often alloyed with other metals, such as steel, to improve strength and toughness. Molybdenum is also commonly used as a lubricant due to its relatively low friction coefficient. Additionally, molybdenum is used to manufacture electrical contacts, as it has a low electrical resistance. Molybdenum is also used in the nuclear industry, where it is used as a neutron absorber in nuclear reactors.

What is Vanadium?

Vanadium is another metal that is commonly used in industry. It is a hard, silvery-grey metal often alloyed with other metals, such as steel, to improve its strength and durability. Vanadium is also used as a catalyst in the chemical industry, where it is used to speed up or promote certain chemical reactions. Additionally, vanadium is used in the production of batteries, as it has a high energy density. Due to its high strength-to-weight ratio, vanadium is used to manufacture aircraft and aerospace components.

Difference Between Molybdenum and Vanadium

Heat Resistance

When it comes to heat resistance, molybdenum and vanadium both possess unique properties. Molybdenum has a melting point of 2,610 degrees Celsius, making it one of the most heat-resistant metals. Vanadium has a slightly lower melting point of 1,910 degrees Celsius but still possesses excellent heat resistance. This makes both metals useful in applications such as furnace linings, which can withstand extremely high temperatures without melting or deforming.

Metal That It Found In

In terms of their availability, molybdenum is more abundant than vanadium. Molybdenum is found in various minerals and ores, including molybdenite and wulfenite. In contrast, vanadium is commonly found in magnetite and other iron ores. This means that vanadium is often extracted as a byproduct of iron mining, whereas molybdenum is often extracted as a primary product.


In conclusion, molybdenum and vanadium are essential metals with various industrial applications. While they share some similarities, such as their heat resistance and use in alloys with other metals, they also possess unique properties that make them stand out. Molybdenum is prized for its low friction coefficient and use in the nuclear industry, while vanadium is known for its high strength-to-weight ratio and use in battery production. Both metals play an important role in our modern world, and their continued use is likely to drive further innovation and development in the future.

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