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What are the constituents of brass?

What are the constituents of brass?

Brass is a metallic alloy made from copper and zinc. It has a wide range of uses due to its malleability, strength, and resistance to corrosion. Brass has been used for centuries in jewelry, musical instruments, door knobs, plumbing fixtures, and more. But what exactly constitutes brass? Let’s take a closer look at the components of this versatile material.

Components of Brass

Brass is an alloy composed of copper and zinc in varying proportions. The percentage of each metal used depends on the desired properties of the finished product. For example, when brass is used for musical instruments or jewelry, it needs to be malleable to be shaped into intricate designs. In this case, the ratio of copper to zinc will be higher than if the brass were being used for plumbing fixtures or other applications requiring greater strength and corrosion resistance.

In addition to copper and zinc, several other metals can be added to brass in small amounts to modify their properties. These include lead, aluminum, nickel, iron, manganese, silicon, and arsenic. The amount added is usually relatively small – at most 5%. Each element affects different aspects such as coloration and machinability but also increases brittleness which could compromise its strength.

Other elements like bismuth have also been used in some alloys but are not typically included because they reduce malleability and increase brittleness. Antimony or tin can be added but only in minimal amounts as they can make the alloy brittle while reducing its electrical conductivity.


Brass is a versatile material with many uses due to its malleability and strength and ability to resist corrosion in certain environments. It’s composed primarily of copper and zinc in various proportions depending on the desired application; other metals such as lead or aluminum may also be present in small amounts to modify specific properties such as coloration or machinability. Knowing what constitutes brass allows us to appreciate how beneficial this material can be when applied in different circumstances!

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