Metals have prestige for being able to survive harsh environments. Heavy loads, continuous cycling, major intensity, caustic conditions, and even extreme temperatures are all factors to consider. Furnaces, diesel motors, piston engines, spark nozzles, high-speed machines, and exhaust systems are all exposed to conditions that can melt some metals. When choosing a metal for a high application, various temperature points must be considered, with the melting temperature of the metal being one of the most significant.
What is the melting point of metals?
The melting temperature of a metal, also known as the melting point, is the temperature at which it starts to transition from a solid to a liquid state. A metal’s solid and liquid states are in balance at melting temperature. If this temperature is reached, heat may be applied to the metal indefinitely without raising the total temperature. Additional heat can help to increase the heat of the metal until it is fully in the liquid process.
What Is the Importance of Metal Melting Temperature?
There are many significant levels that a metal achieves when it is heated during a metalworking operation or as a result of its usage, but one of the main values is the melting temperature of the metal.
The part loss that will happen once a metal exceeds its melting point is one of the reasons why the melting temperature is so significant. Metal failure occurs before the melting point, but once a metal approaches the melting peak and starts to melt, it no longer serves its desired intent.
For eg, once a furnace element starts melting, the furnace can no longer operate if the component is essential. When a jet engine’s fuel nozzle melts, the orifices plug up, and the engine becomes inoperable. It is necessary to remember that other forms of metal loss, such as creep-induced cracks, will occur long before the melting temperature is reached, and studies on the impact of the different temperatures to which metal would be exposed must be performed ahead of time.
A factor is that metal’s melting point is so essential because metals are moldable while they are molten. Metals are heated to freezing temperatures in a variety of processing processes. Metals must be liquids for smelting, fusion welding, and casting to take place. While doing a production process in which metal will be heated, it is important to know the temperature at which this will occur so that the right materials for the machinery used can be chosen. A welding gun must endure the atmospheric heat of an electric current and molten metal.
Melting Points of Common Metals
- Aluminum: 660°C or 1220°F
- Brass: 930°C or 1710°F
- Gold: 1063°C or 1945°F
- Silver: 961°C or 1762°F
- Carbon Steel: 1425-1540°C or 2597-2800°F
- Stainless Steel: 1375 – 1530°C or 2500-2785°F
- Inconel: 1390-1425°C or 2540-2600°F
- Cast Iron: 1204°C or 2200°F
- Lead: 328°C or 622°F
- Molybdenum: 2620°C or 4748°F
- Nickel: 1453°C or 2647°F
- Aluminum Bronze: 1027-1038°C or 1881-1900°F
- Chromium: 1860°C or 3380°F
- Copper: 1084°C or 1983°F
- Platinum: 1770°C or 3218°F
- Tungsten: 3400°C or 6152°F
- Zinc: 420°C or 787°F
- Titanium: 1670°C (3038°F)
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