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Different Steel Beam Types for Residential Architecture

Kinds of steel beams are utilized in residential construction are as follows:

  • W-beam
  • H-beam
  • I-beam
  • Beam in T-section
  • L-shape Beam
  • Broad Beams

One of the most crucial building materials, steel is now the main component of many residential, commercial, and industrial construction projects. It is also one of the most plentiful resources available, with steel items produced in vast quantities in the Philippines serving as a prime illustration.

Steel is widely available, making it easier to use for other construction projects that previously relied on materials like wood. Residential projects, which are typically smaller projects that initially used wooden materials as their primary resource, show this more clearly.


The increasing number of condominium projects being built throughout the world serves as proof that more residential projects are now larger in scope and scale. Strong steel beams are necessary for these larger projects to sustain the structure and endure the elements. It’s crucial to decide which kind of steel beams to use for particular sections when building these residential projects. This is another reason why it’s crucial to learn more about the various kinds of beams used in residential construction projects.

  • W-beam

The W-beam sometimes referred to as the Wide Flange Beam, is one of the most frequently utilized steel beam types in residential construction projects. Due to its reduced weight, this kind of steel beam is frequently utilized. It is ideal for modest residential constructions because heavier steel can compromise structural integrity when combined with light materials.

W-beams are also easily weldable, preventable, and boltable, which helps speed up and increase the efficiency of a building project. The W-beam is a smaller and more accessible form of the regular I-beam that enables the steel to be smoothly included in residential projects, even though the normal I-beam is still the bigger and more robust alternative for major projects.

  • H-beam

The H-beam is better suited for bigger residential projects like the construction of high-rise condominiums since it is longer and heavier than I-beams and W-beams. The H-beam is the greatest choice for these enormous buildings because one substantial individual pile may support about 1,000 tonnes of weight. These large buildings need strong foundations to have excellent structural integrity. H-beams are still in great demand since more high-rise construction projects are being performed around the world.

  • I-beam

The I-beam, one of the most popular steel beam types, has been utilized in many different construction projects and has grown to be a crucial component of a building’s support system. The beams are typical steel goods in the Philippines as well because of the country’s high demand. The I-beam has tapered flanges in contrast to the H-beam and the W-beam. Due to their similar usages and shapes, the I-beam and H-beam are frequently confused. I-beams are most frequently used in industrial projects, but they are also widely used in residential projects as the urban landscape expands and calls for taller, stronger structures that can withstand a range of conditions.

  • T-section Beam

The T-section beam, which is frequently employed as a load-bearing section, serves as a connection point and base of support for steel or wood beams. These beams, which are typical in residential construction, allow the installation of several I or W-beam sections in a sizable space without compromising structural integrity, enabling the construction of multi-level constructions. Beams are connected by rivets and bolts to create a strong foundation for the basic structures around them. The majority of T-section beams are supported by steel pillars and beams and placed on top of them, creating a balanced steel internal structure.

  • L-section Beam

L-section beams often referred to as angle beams, are shaped at a 90-degree angle and may have legs of different lengths, giving them their distinctive L-shape. This steel beam is a great choice for home construction projects because of its remarkable strength-to-weight ratio. To increase the longevity of one of the most important components of residential construction, these beams are also employed in the corners of condominiums and homes. A huge steel beam can be protected against stress and fracture by using L-shaped beams to strengthen other steel beams. These beams create a structure that resembles a clamp.

  • Channel Beams

C-shaped or channel beams are a common type of steel beam used in residential buildings and are distinguished by their distinctive cross-section. These beams, which are inexpensive and lightweight and are frequently used for lighter loads, make excellent building materials for residential buildings. A cost-effective option to cover pillars and panels is also to utilize this kind of steel beams.


Key Takeaway

The number of residential developments will increase as urbanization continues to spread across the globe. It’s critical to check that these residential structures are using the best steel beams for the best structural stability as construction projects grow larger and more complex. The introduction of steel beams will enable more ambitious residential buildings since wood is no longer a practical primary material for larger projects.

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