ThePipingMart Blog other 9 Types of Valves and Their Applications

9 Types of Valves and Their Applications

Types of Valves used in Piping

Valves are essential components in piping systems to regulate the flow of fluids, vapors, or gases. They provide an efficient way to control the pressure and volume of liquids or gases that travel through pipelines. Valve types can vary depending on their application, so understanding which type is needed makes a huge difference when installing pipework systems effectively. In this blog post, we will go over some of the most common valve types used in Piping and discuss how they can be utilized for various applications. Keep reading if you’re interested in learning more about valves!

Types of Valves Used in Piping

Gate Valve

Gate ValveThe gate valve is a valuable piece of equipment used in many industrial applications. Traditionally this type of valve has been constructed from Inconel sheet, a material renowned for its strength and resilience. Its uniqueness stems from the fact that it utilizes a rising or falling wedge-shaped gate to directly regulate the flow of fluids. As a result, it offers complete shutoff capabilities with minimal pressure loss when it is completely closed. Additionally, it is extremely durable and easy to maintain, making it ideal for high-pressure applications such as waterworks, oil pipelines and landscape irrigation systems. With its versatility, reliability and robust construction, the gate valve is sure to remain an essential part of engineering projects far into the future.

Globe Valve

Globe ValveGlobe valves are widely used in various applications due to their ability to adjust fluid or gas flow. To guarantee safety, the valve is manufactured using an Inconel sheet, an alloy that can withstand extreme temperatures and immense pressure. The Inconel sheet not only provides strength and durability for the valve but allows for cleaner processing as it eliminates potential contamination from other materials. Due to their robustness, globe valves are essential during industrial processes where proper containment and pressure control are needed. It can be used for applications such as regulating steam and water flow, isolating line sections for maintenance or repairs, or facilitating transport through slow volume changes with low-pressure losses.


Check Valve

check valveA check valve is an essential equipment that helps maintain a balanced flow in various systems. These valves come in different materials, one of the most common being an Inconel sheet. This type of material is commonly used because it is strong and chemically resistant, making it ideal for use in different industries around the world. The Inconel sheet check valve allows for one-way flow, preventing liquids or gases from getting back into areas where they are not intended to be. Depending on the application, check valves can be used with pressure relief systems to ensure safety while controlling the pressure and gas flow efficiently. Using an Inconel sheet as its primary material, check valves can withstand high temperatures without failure and are incredibly reliable in ambient temperatures.


Plug Valve

Plug ValveA plug valve is a versatile and reliable device used to stop, start, and control the flow of fluids. This type of valve utilizes a tapered or cylindrical plug that is closed by turning it 90 degrees to seal off the inlet or outlet port. Plug valves can be made of materials such as Inconel sheet, brass, aluminium and stainless steel. Inconel sheet is popular amongst many industries because it is highly corrosion-resistant and has superior mechanical properties. Furthermore, the Inconel sheet has greater strength at elevated temperatures when compared to other types of materials, making it an ideal choice for plug valves used in high-temperature applications. Thanks to its impressive performance characteristics, Inconel sheet plugged valves are perfect for critical services in refineries and pipelines where safety, efficiency and reliability are paramount.

Ball Valve

Ball valveA ball valve is a type of valve widely used in many industrial applications. It uses a hollow, spherical-shaped Inconel sheet to shut off the flow of materials like fluids, gases, and other hazardous mixtures. It is an effective way to open or close a pipeline without turning it off completely. Additionally, ball valves are known for their durability due to the solid Inconel sheet construction, which offers excellent corrosion resistance. This makes them ideal for critical environments where safe operation is essential, such as processing plants and wastewater treatment facilities. Ball valves can also be used in numerous residential and commercial projects, including pipes, drain lines, air conditioning systems, and water heaters. Their intuitive operation and high performance make ball valves an invaluable addition to an efficient method.


Butterfly Valve

Butterfly valveA butterfly valve is a unique device used to regulate flow in any piping system. It typically features a rotating disc attached to an Inconel sheet that helps control flow direction, pressure, and rate. Butterfly valves are handy for regulating large-scale items in industries such as water treatment plants and chemical/petrochemical plants, where precise decisions must be made quickly. They are also widely used in HVAC systems, which need quick response times during temperature changes or when air ventilation needs adjusting. Ultimately, butterfly valves provide an efficient and cost-effective way of regulating the flow of materials- liquids, air or powder- within a specific piping system.


Needle Valve

Needle valvesNeedle valves are a popular choice for controlling the flow of materials and can be found in many different industries. Particularly useful in process piping systems, needle valves are incredibly efficient when managing high-pressure liquids or gases. Moreover, some needle valves are made with Inconel sheets to provide strength and heat resistance, as Inconel is also a common material used in steam distribution systems and nuclear reactors. Inconel sheet needle valves offer additional support and durability when working with higher temperature and pressure levels.



Pinch Valve

Pinch ValveA pinch valve is a unique tool used in many industries and applications. It is made of Inconel sheet material, providing flexibility, corrosion resistance and a long life span. These valves are typically installed on pipes carrying pressurized fluids or gasses, and the Inconel sheet material prevents corrosion for reliable operation over time. Pinch valves serve various purposes, such as regulating flow rate, isolating systems, stopping fluid flow and controlling pressure more accurately than traditional valve options. The Inconel sheet also has a tremendous advantage because it creates a water-tight seal construct with little-to-no maintenance required over its lifetime. Pinch valve technology provides improved performance due to the metal’s welding capabilities, enabling users to make repairs while the system is still running, unlike other metal substitutes.


Pressure Relief Valve

Pressure relief valvesPressure relief valves are a vital safety feature used in machinery and equipment. They are designed to reduce the risk of machines and other components by controlling pressure in the system. Pressure relief valves can be constructed from high-grade Inconel sheets, allowing for superior durability and heat resistance to handle extreme temperatures and pressures. Through regular monitoring, these valves allow for safe operation and efficient protection of both employees and machines alike. From boilers to gas tanks, pressure relief valves are essential components used in various industries daily.


Valves are a critical piece of any piping system, and choosing the right type for your specific applications is essential. Each type of valve has its advantages and disadvantages. Many different types of valves are available on the market, each designed for specific requirements. Ball valves are standard general-purpose valves that provide reliable control in many scenarios. Butterfly valves can move with higher precision and are used where regulation is necessary, while globe valves provide extreme throttling accuracy and quick response times. Gate valves offer reasonable flow control shutoff capability but can be more prone to leakage than other valves. Knife controls require a certain amount of maintenance to function correctly, but their relative simplicity makes them very popular in industrial settings. Check valves rely solely on the pressure differential between two ports and don’t require manual operation, thus making them ideal for applications requiring automatic flow control or backflow prevention. No matter what the application calls for, the correct valve will increase efficiency and operational reliability within your system, so diversifying your pipe valve options allows you to reap all these benefits cost-effectively.

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