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What Is Conventional Welding? Uses and Working

Conventional Welding

Welding is a process used to connect metal pieces together using heat, electricity, or pressure. It’s been around for centuries and has been used in a variety of industries. One type of welding that’s commonly used today is conventional welding. Let’s take a look at what conventional welding is and how it works.

What Is Conventional Welding?

Conventional welding is an arc-welding process which uses the heat generated by an electric arc between the workpiece and consumable electrode to join two pieces of metal together. The electric arc produces intense heat, which melts the metal and creates a strong joint between them. This type of welding has been around since the early 1900s and is still widely used today in many applications such as automotive, aerospace, construction, and manufacturing industries.

Conventional Welding Uses

Conventional welding can be used to weld almost any type of metal, including aluminium, steel, stainless steel, copper alloys, nickel alloys, titanium alloys, magnesium alloys and many more. It’s also very versatile when it comes to different joint designs, such as lap joints, butt joints or corner joints. Additionally, this type of welding can be used for both thick plate welding (over 2 inches thick) and thin sheet metal applications (under 1/8 inch thick).

Conventional welding is also widely used in fabrication shops because it’s relatively easy to learn compared to other types of welding processes like TIG or MIG/MAG. It requires only basic equipment such as a power source (AC or DC), an electrode holder with cables connected to it, a ground clamp with a cable connected to it and electrodes for each type of material being welded. It also doesn’t require special gases or shielding materials, which makes it more cost-effective than some other types of welding processes like TIG or MIG/MAG.

Conventional Welding Working

Conventional welding, also known as shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), is a technique that makes use of an electrode and electric current to join two pieces of metal together. The electrode consists of a metal wire with flux coating that helps protect the materials from corrosion and oxidation, while the electric current generates heat needed to melt the metals and facilitate their joining. With Conventional welding, users can apply different levels of heat based on their specific welding requirements. In addition to being economical compared to other methods of joining, it is also more straightforward than other methods since it only requires basic knowledge related to electricity and safety gear. Even with its non-technical setup, this form of welding allows for greater flexibility and control when it comes to joining complex geometries. Despite its versatility, conventional welding involves ample melting; hence, it is best suited for thicker metals such as stainless steel and cast iron.


In summary, conventional welding is one of the most common arc-welding processes available today due to its versatility and ease of use. It can be used on almost any type of metal, from thin sheet metal up to thick plate applications, and it doesn’t require expensive equipment or special shielding gases like some other types of welding processes do. Therefore conventional welding remains one of the preferred methods for welders in fabrication shops worldwide, regardless if they are experienced professionals or just starting out with their journey into the world of welding!

If you’re considering learning how to weld yourself, then conventional welding could be a great place to start!

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