ThePipingMart Blog Welding Electrodes AWS Class E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AWS Class E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AWS Class E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes

Metal fabrication is a fascinating process that requires great attention to detail to produce high-quality products. One of the most critical aspects of metal fabrication is welding. Welding is a technique involving metal fusion to form a strong joint. To join metals, welding electrodes are used. AWS Class E309/309L-16 coated electrodes are the most commonly used welding electrodes in metal fabrication. In this blog post, we will examine everything there is to know about AWS Class E309/309L-16 coated electrodes, including their composition, physical and mechanical properties, uses, heat treatment, and corrosion-resistant properties.

What are AWS Class E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes?

AWS E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes are all-position, low-hydrogen stick electrodes used in welding stainless steel components. These electrodes provide a low carbon level and high corrosion resistance when used in 304 and 308 alloys. They can produce welds with superior deposition rates (meaning faster completion) compared to conventional electrodes and have excellent arc stability, making them ideal for fillet welding applications. They can also be used on additional corrosion resistance materials, such as 309LN or 312. In addition, these coated electrodes offer greater crack-resistant properties than their uncoated counterparts.

E309/309L-16 Welding Electrodes Composition

AWS Class E309/309L-16 electrodes are a type of austenitic stainless steel electrode used for welding heat-resistant alloys with different compositions. These welding electrodes comprise chromium, nickel, and iron, forming a complex alloy matrix. The electrodes are also coated with flux, which helps to protect the weld from contamination and assists in the welding process.

C Cr Ni Mo Mn Si P S Cu
0.04 22.0-25.0 12.0-14.0 0.75 0.5-2.5 1.00 0.04 0.03 0.75

E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes Physical Properties

AWS Class E309/309L-16 welding electrodes are known for their excellent physical properties. They have a tensile strength of 89,000 psi and an elongation of 34%. These welding electrodes also have outstanding resistance to high temperatures, with a melting point of 2900°F-3000°F (1593°C-1650°C).

E309/309L-16 Welding Electrodes Mechanical Properties

AWS Class E309/309L-16 welding wire have impressive mechanical properties. They have a yield strength of 72,000 psi and a hardness of 185 BHN. These welding electrodes also exhibit excellent machinability and can be welded to various metals with different compositions.

E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes Trade Name

Class UNS Oxford Alloys BOHLER UTP
E309/309L-16 W30913 Alloy 309/309L-16 BOHLER FOX CN 23/12-A 309L-17 UTP 6824 LC (309L-17)

E309/309L-16 Welding Electrodes Parameters

Diameter Process Volt Amps (flat) Amps (V/OH)
in (mm)
 3/32  (2.4) SMAW 24-28 70-85 65-75
 1/8  (3.2) SMAW  26-30 85-110  80-90
 5/32  (4.0) SMAW  28-32 110-140  100-120
 3/16  (4.8) SMAW  28-32 120-160  110-130

E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes Uses

AWS Class E309/309L-16 welding alloys are used in various applications, including welding stainless steel to mild steel or carbon steel components. They are also ideal for welding heat-resistant alloys in furnaces or reactors exposed to high temperatures. These welding electrodes are widely used in the chemical, food processing, and petrochemical industries.

E309/309L-16 Welding Electrodes Heat Treatment

AWS Class E309/309L-16 filler wire often require heat treatment after welding. Heat treatment is crucial in ensuring the welded joints have the required mechanical properties. The heat treatment process involves heating the welded assembly to between 1900°F and 2100°F (1038°C-1149°C) and holding it at this temperature for a specific duration, depending on the thickness of the metal. After heat treatment, the welded joints exhibit increased strength, flexibility, and toughness.

E309/309L-16 Coated Electrodes Corrosion Resistance

AWS Class E309/309L-16 filler metal exhibit excellent corrosion resistance. They can withstand corrosive environments like marine, sulfuric acid, and organic acids. The chromium and nickel content of the alloy matrix makes it resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion.


AWS Class E309/309L-16 coated electrodes play a significant role in metal fabrication and are widely used in various industries. These welding electrodes’ composition, physical and mechanical properties offer several benefits, including excellent resistance to high temperatures and corrosion. When properly used and heat-treated, AWS Class E309/309L-16 coated electrodes can help you achieve high-quality welds that meet your design specifications. However, it’s essential to understand the properties and uses of AWS Class E309/309L-16 coated electrodes to ensure that you use them optimally. So, consult an expert before using these electrodes for the best welding results.

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