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5 Types of Nail Fasteners and Their Uses

Nail Fasteners

A nail fastener is a common tool for affixing or joining two or more objects together. It is one of the oldest fasteners humans have used since the dawn. The different types of nails come in various sizes and shapes and serve different purposes depending on their intended use. Whether you are a professional woodworker or a weekend DIY enthusiast, understanding the different nail fasteners available can save you much time and effort. This comprehensive guide will examine the different types of nail fasteners and their uses.

Types of Nail Fasteners and Their Uses

The Common Nail:

The common nail is the most basic type of nail and is the most widely used option across all sectors. They usually have a smooth shank and a round or flat head. Their length ranges from about 1 inch to 6 inches, making them suitable for various applications, such as framing, fencing, flooring, and nailing down plywood.

Brad Nails:

Brad’s nails are much thinner and smaller than common nails. They are usually made of galvanized steel wire and can range from 5/8 inches to 2 inches. Brad nailers are popular for their precision and versatility, and they are commonly used in detail work, such as upholstery, moulding, panelling, and other types of fine woodworking.

Finishing Nails:

Finishing nails are typically used in setting and attaching trim and moulding. They have a small head and a long, slender shank, usually made from brass, stainless steel or aluminium. Finishing nails come in various lengths ranging from 5/8 inches to 6 inches.

Roofing Nails:

As the name implies, roofing nails are primarily used for roofing applications. The shank is spiral and smooth for easy driving, and the large heads help prevent pull-through. Roofing nails are incredibly useful in attaching shingles, sheet metal, and other roofing materials to the roof deck.

Concrete Nails:

Concrete nails or masonry nails have fluted shafts that help them grip the concrete better. They are typically made from hardened steel with a spiral, tooth-like thread. Concrete nails come in various lengths and are commonly used in building pergolas, patios, and other outdoor structures.


Nail fasteners are one of the most versatile and widely used tools in construction and woodworking. Different nails have different finishes and strengths, and their uses are varied depending on their intended application. With this comprehensive guide to nail fasteners, you can better grasp the different types of nails in the market and their many uses. Knowing the types of nail fasteners available is essential to determine the right size and type of nail needed for your project. Remember, always check the specific needs of your project and use the recommended nail type, size, and material for the best results.

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