ThePipingMart Blog Grades AMS 5580 Nickel Alloy – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AMS 5580 Nickel Alloy – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AMS 5580

AMS5580 is a nickel-based alloy primarily used in high-temperature applications and aerospace industries. This superalloy has exceptional strength, durability, and corrosion resistance properties, making it an ideal metal for various critical applications. This blog post will provide a comprehensive guide to AMS 5580, discussing its composition, physical and mechanical properties, uses, and hardness. We will also delve into its heat treatment procedures to give you an in-depth understanding of this outstanding metal.

What is AMS 5580?

AMS 5580 (also known as Inconel Alloy 600) is a nickel alloy seamless tubing specification that meets the strict performance requirements of the aerospace industry. This specification highlights the important properties necessary for high-temperature applications, including excellent corrosion resistance, exceptional strength, and durability. Known for its unique composition and ability to withstand extreme temperatures, AMS 5580 tubing is often used in critical components of aircraft and spacecraft. Its reliability and superior performance have made it an essential material for the aviation industry and other industrial applications. As technology evolves, the importance of high-performance materials like AMS 5580 will only increase.

What Form Is AMS 5580 Available at Piping Mart?

  • Nut
  • Bar
  • Bolt
  • Pipe
  • Screw
  • Tubing
  • Valves
  • Stud Bolts
  • Washers
  • Flanges
  • Fasteners
  • Electrodes
  • Stud Bolts
  • Sheet Plates
  • Pipe Fittings
  • Forged Fitting
  • Instrumentation Fittings

AMS 5580 Composition

AMS 5580 is a nickel-based superalloy consisting of 60% Nickel, 20% Chromium, 11% Iron, and 5% Manganese, with trace elements of Titanium and aluminium, among others. Adding Chromium gives AMS 5580 high oxidation resistance, while the Manganese gives this alloy excellent solid-solution strengthening. On the other hand, the presence of copper improves the metal’s thermal conductivity and reduces its work-hardening rate.

Element Percent
Nickel (plus Cobalt) (Min) 72
Chromium 14-17
Iron 6-10
Carbon (Max) .15
Manganese (Max) 1
Sulfur (Max) .015
Silicon (Max) .5
Copper (Max) .5

AMS 5580 Physical Properties

AMS 5580 has a density of 8.2 g/cm³, a melting point of 1370°C (2500°F) and a thermal expansion coefficient of 13.8 µm/m°C. This alloy’s excellent thermal conductivity of 14.7 W/mK at 100°C (212°F) makes it highly conductive to heat. AMS 5580 pipes has a good electrical conductivity of 1.24 µΩ∙m, making it ideal for applications that require both electrical and thermal conductivity.

Property Value
Tensile Strength 80.0 ksi
Yield Strength at 0.2% Offset 35.0 ksi
Elongation in 4D 30%

AMS 5580 Mechanical Properties

AMS 5580 sheets is a superalloy with outstanding mechanical properties. It has a tensile strength of 655 MPa (132000 psi), a yield strength of 310 MPa (75000 psi), and an elongation of 35%. This alloy has excellent fatigue resistance, making it an ideal metal for cyclic loading applications. AMS 5580 also has excellent flexibility and can be fabricated into various shapes and sizes.

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile Strength, Ultimate 655 MPa 95000 psi
Tensile Strength, Yield 310 MPa 45000 psi
Elongation at Break 45% 45%

Thermal Properties

Thermal Properties
CTE, linear 20°C 13.3 µm/m-°C 7.39 µin/in-°F  20-100°C
Specific Heat Capacity 0.444 J/g-°C 0.106 BTU/lb-°F
Thermal Conductivity 14.9 W/m-K 103 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F
Melting Point 1354 – 1413 °C 2470 – 2580 °F
Solidus 1354 °C 2470 °F
Liquidus 1413 °C 2580 °F

AMS 5580 Equivalent

  • Alloy 600
  • Nickel 600

AMS 5580 Uses

AMS 5580 plates is widely used in high-temperature applications such as gas turbine engines, exhaust systems, and power generation systems. This alloy is also utilized in aerospace industries, where it is used to manufacture aircraft engines, rocket motors, and other components that require high strength, durability, and corrosion resistance properties. AMS 5580 is also used in chemical and petrochemical industries, where it is used to manufacture heat exchangers, pressure vessels, and valves.

AMS 5580 Hardness

AMS 5580 has a Rockwell hardness of 35 HRC and a Vickers hardness of 310 HV, making it a relatively hard metal. The hardness of AMS 5580 can be increased through cold working and solution heat treating. This superalloy can also be strengthened through precipitation hardening to improve its wear resistance, fatigue strength, and toughness.

AMS 5580 Heat treatment

AMS 5580 can be heat-treated to improve its strength and durability. This alloy can be subjected to solution treatment at 1100-1200°C (2000-2200°F), followed by water quenching, to improve its flexibility and toughness. AMS 5580 can also undergo precipitation hardening through ageing between 760-870°C (1400-1600°F) to improve its strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance properties.


AMS 5580 material is a nickel-based superalloy with outstanding properties, making it an ideal metal for applications in high-temperature environments. This alloy has exceptional strength, durability, and corrosion resistance properties, making it suitable for use in the aerospace, chemical, and petrochemical industries. This blog post has comprehensively guided AMS 5580 tubing, discussing its composition, physical and mechanical properties, uses, hardness, and heat treatment procedures. We hope this information has given you an in-depth understanding of this superalloy and its diverse applications.

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