ThePipingMart Blog Grades AMS 5584 Stainless Steel – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AMS 5584 Stainless Steel – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AMS 5584

In the aerospace and automotive industry, it is essential to use high-performance alloys that can withstand extreme temperatures and pressure. These alloys should be sturdy, corrosion-resistant, and have excellent mechanical properties. One such alloy is the AMS5584. Its nickel-based alloy has gained popularity for its exceptional strength and durability. In this blog post, we will delve into the essential aspects of the AMS 5584 alloy, including its composition, physical and mechanical properties, uses, hardness, and heat treatment.

What is AMS 5584?

AMS5584 (also known as 316 Stainless Steel) is a specification for nickel alloy tubing used in high-temperature service applications. This particular tubing is commonly used in the aerospace industry due to its ability to withstand extreme temperatures and harsh environments. Its composition includes nickel, chromium, and iron, giving it excellent oxidation and corrosion resistance. It’s also known for its high strength and durability, making it a reliable choice for applications that require stability and longevity. Whether you’re designing an aircraft engine or a heat exchanger for a power plant, AMS5584 tubing is just what you need to get the job done.

What Form Is AMS 5584 Available at Piping Mart?

  • Nut
  • Bar
  • Bolt
  • Pipe
  • Screw
  • Tubing
  • Valves
  • Washers
  • Flanges
  • Fasteners
  • Electrodes
  • Channels
  • Stud Bolts
  • Sheet Plates
  • Pipe Fittings
  • Forged Fitting
  • ERW Pipes
  • Stud Bolts
  • Instrumentation Fittings

AMS 5584 Composition

The AMS 5584 is a Nickel-based alloy containing chromium, molybdenum, and iron. It is an austenitic alloy that is highly resistant to corrosion and oxidation. The alloy’s composition makes it ideal for high-temperature applications where strength is a significant requirement. It has a maximum carbon content of 0.08%, a maximum manganese content of 1%, a maximum silicon content of 1%, and a maximum sulfur content of 0.01%. The alloy has a melting point of around 1300 degrees Celsius.

Grade C Mn Si P S Cr Mo Ni N
AMS 5584 Min 0 16.0 2.00 10.0
Max 0.08 2.0 0.75 0.045 0.03 18.0 3.00 14.0 0.10

AMS 5584 Physical Properties

The AMS 5584 alloy is known for its excellent physical properties, making it suitable for high-temperature and high-pressure environments. It has a density of around 8.11 g/cm3 and a specific heat capacity of 440 J/kg-K. The alloy’s thermal conductivity at room temperature is approximately 11.2 W/m-K and 11.4 W/m-K at elevated temperatures of 871 degrees Celsius.

Grade Density(kg/m3) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Mean Co-eff of Thermal Expansion (µm/m/°C) Thermal Conductivity (W/m.K) Specific Heat 0-100 °C (J/kg.K) Elec Resistivity (nΩ.m)
0-100 °C 0-315 °C 0-538 °C At 100 °C At 500 °C
AMS 5584 8000 193 15.9 16.2 17.5 16.3 21.5 500 740

AMS 5584 Mechanical Properties

The AMS 5584 alloy has exceptional mechanical properties, making it ideal for extreme environment applications. It has a yield strength of 120 ksi and an ultimate tensile strength of 170 ksi. The alloy has excellent flexibility and malleability properties and can be easily welded using conventional methods. The alloy’s elongation at break is about 45%, indicating that it can withstand strain deformation without breaking.

Grade Tensile Str (MPa) min Yield Str 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elong (% in 50 mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
AMS 5584 515 205 40 95 217

AMS 5584 Uses

The AMS 5584 alloy is widely used in the aerospace, automotive, and defence industries. It is commonly used in gas turbine engine components such as bearing cages, combustor liners, turbine shrouds, nozzle diaphragms, and rotor-stator seals. It is also used in chemical processing equipment, heat exchangers, and exhaust systems due to its excellent corrosion and oxidation resistance properties.

AMS 5584 Hardness

The AMS 5584 alloy has a hardness rating of 220 HBW, making it relatively soft compared to other nickel-based alloys. However, the alloy’s strength and flexibility compensate for its lower hardness rating.

AMS 5584 Heat treatment

The AMS 5584 alloy can be heat-treated to improve its strength and durability. The process involves annealing the alloy at 1850-1950 degrees Fahrenheit and then rapidly quenching the metal in water or oil. This process helps improve the alloy’s mechanical properties, including its tensile strength, hardness, and flexibility.


The AMS 5584 material is a Nickel-based alloy with exceptional physical and mechanical properties that make it suitable for extreme temperature and pressure applications. With a density of 8.11 g/cm3, an ultimate tensile strength of 170ksi, and a melting point of 1300 degrees Celsius, the alloy has become popular in the aerospace and automotive industry. The AMS 5584 composition contains nickel and chromium. Molybdenum and iron make it highly resistant to corrosion and oxidation. The alloy’s heat treatment process helps in improving its strength and durability. If you are looking for a robust alloy suitable for harsh environments, the AMS 5584 should be your top pick.

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