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Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate – Composition, Properties, and Uses

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate

Aluminum 2014 is a popular alloy that blends aluminum with up to 4.5% copper, making it stronger and harder than pure aluminum. It offers excellent machinability and weldability, low corrosion resistance, and high strength, making it a versatile option for various industrial applications. This blog post explores the composition, physical and mechanical properties, applications, heat treatment, and corrosion resistance of the 2014 Al sheet plates.


What is Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate?

Al 2014 sheet plate is a sturdy, durable aluminum alloy commonly used to produce various industrial components. It has excellent mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and weldability, making it suitable for various applications, such as medical devices, aerospace parts, automotive components, and structural components in bridges and buildings.

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate Composition

2014 Aluminum Sheet Plate has a typical chemical composition of 90.7% aluminum, 4.5% copper, and 0.6% manganese. This combination gives it high strength and hardness while maintaining excellent machinability and weldability. The alloy is also easy to work with and has moderate corrosion resistance, making it an ideal choice for manufacturing components in various sectors.

Alloy Si Fe Cu Zn Mn Mg Ti Other Cr Ni Others Ti+Zr Al
2014 (min) (max) 0.50 – 0.90 0.0 – 0.50 3.90 – 5.00 0.0 – 0.25 0.40 – 1.20 0.20 – 0.80 0.0 – 0.15 0.0 – 0.15 0.0 – 0.10 0.0 – 0.10 0.0 – 0.05 0.0 – 0.20 Balance

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate Physical Properties

Aluminum 2014 plate has a 2.78 g/cm3 density and a melting point of 510°C. It has a thermal conductivity of 121 W/m-K, making it an excellent heat conductor. Its electrical conductivity is 40% that of copper and is non-magnetic.

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of the Aluminum 2014 sheet make it an excellent candidate for structural applications. It has a tensile strength of 483 MPa, yield strength of 310 MPa, and a hardness of 120 Brinell. It is also ductile and has good fatigue resistance, making it an ideal choice for industries requiring high-strength materials for various applications.

Alloy Temper UTS (Mpa) Yield Strength (Mpa) Elongation (%)
Minimum Maximum Minimum Maximum A 50mm (Minimum)
EN AW-2014 O 250 135 10
T4 370 230 11

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate Equivalent

Aluminium Grade European Standard BS (OLD) WNr UNS ISO USA (AA) GERMANY (DIN) IS
2014 EN AW-2014 HE15 3.1255 A92014 AlCu4SiMg 2014 AlCuSiMn 24345

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate Uses

UNS A92014 Plate is widely used in various industries, such as Aerospace, Transportation, and Defense. It is used to produce aircraft parts, missile parts, and other high-stress components that require excellent strength and machinability. Due to its high strength and corrosion resistance, it is also used to manufacture truck and trailer parts, automotive parts, and marine equipment. In addition, it is used in applications that require excellent thermal conductivity, such as heat sinks for electronics.

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate Heat Treatment

ASTM B209 Aluminum Alloy 2014 Sheet Plate is heat-treatable and can be strengthened through heat treatment. The T4 temper involves cooling the alloy at a controlled rate and then ageing to develop strength. The T6 temper requires heating the alloy to a specific temperature and cooling it rapidly to achieve maximum strength.

Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate Corrosion Resistance

Aluminum alloy 2014 Sheet Plate has moderate resistance to corrosion due to its high copper content. However, it is not recommended for applications that require high corrosion resistance. You can apply protective coatings or anodizing processes to the metal surface to improve its resistance.



Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate is a versatile and widely used material in various industrial sectors due to its high strength, machinability, weldability, and moderate corrosion resistance. Its mechanical properties make it an ideal candidate for structural applications and can be strengthened through heat treatment processes. If you require a material that can handle high-stress applications, the Aluminum 2014 Sheet Plate is an excellent choice.

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