ThePipingMart Blog Welding Electrodes AWS Class ENiCu-7 Weld Wire – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AWS Class ENiCu-7 Weld Wire – Composition, Properties, and Uses

AWS Class ENiCu-7

Are you working in the welding field or looking to expand your knowledge of welding materials? Then you’ve come to the right place! This blog post will deeply dive into AWS Class ENiCu-7, a welding filler material used for welding nickel-copper alloys. We will cover its composition, properties, uses, heat treatment and corrosion resistance.

What is AWS Class ENiCu-7 Welding Electrode ?

AWS Class ENiCu-7 welding alloy is a nickel-copper alloy created and certified by the American Welding Society (AWS). It is a copper-nickel combination, containing approximately 60% nickel and 28–35% copper, with small amounts of iron and manganese. AWS Class ENiCu-7 welding electrode offers excellent corrosion resistance in fresh and saltwater environments and provides high strength when heat treated. This alloy has good impact toughness even at cryogenic temperatures, which makes it suitable for many applications in the marine industry, including shafts, prop nuts, fasteners, bearings, and impellers. Other advantages of using AWS Class ENiCu-7 coated electrode include its fabricability (it can be hot or cold worked), weldability (it can be welded without any pre or post-treatment) low thermal expansion coefficient that makes it great for heavy-duty sea floor applications.

ENiCu-7 Welding Alloy Composition

AWS Class ENiCu-7 is an welding electrode made of nickel-copper alloy, officially known as UNS No. N04060. It contains 63% nickel, 30% copper, and small amounts of iron, silicon and manganese—this combination of metals results in its unique properties, which we will discuss later.

C Mn P S Si Cu Nb+Ta Al Ti
0.03 3.70 0.01 0.004 0.80 Balance 0.5-3.0 0.09 0.60

ENiCu-7 Coated Electrode Physical Properties

AWS Class ENiCu-7 filler metal has a melting range of 1290-1350°C and a density of 8.84 g/cm³. Its electrical conductivity is 30% IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard), making it a good electrical conductor. This welding material is available in various sizes and forms, including rods, wire, and strips.

ENiCu-7 Welding Wire Mechanical Properties

AWS Class ENiCu-7 Welding rod has excellent strength and flexibility. Its ultimate tensile strength is around 83,000 psi, and its elongation is about 35%. It is also resistant to hot cracking and has good weldability. These properties make it ideal for welding copper-nickel alloys, marine applications, and more.

Tensile Strength 75,000 psi
Yield Strength 51,500 psi
Elongation 38%

ENiCu-7 Coated Electrode Trade Names

Class UNS Oxford Alloys Special Metals UTP ESAB

ENiCu-7 Coated Electrodes Parameters

Diameter Length Amperage
Flat Vertical & Overhead
3/32” 12” 70-85 65-75
1/8” 14” 85-110 80-90
5/32” 14” 110-140 110-120
3/16” 14” 120-160 110-130

ENiCu-7 Welding Wire Uses

AWS Class ENiCu-7 coated rod  is widely used in the marine industry for welding copper-nickel alloys such as CuNi 90/10 and CuNi 70/30. It is also used for welding dissimilar metals, such as copper-nickel alloys, to stainless steel or carbon steel. Other common applications include heat exchangers, condensers, and piping systems.

ENiCu-7 Welding Electrode Heat Treatment and Corrosion Resistance

AWS Class ENiCu-7 filler metal does not require any heat treatment after welding. However, it is essential to ensure proper preheat and interpass temperatures to prevent cracking. This welding alloy – nickel-copper alloy also has excellent resistance to corrosion, including seawater corrosion, erosion, and pitting.


After reading this guide, it is clear that AWS Class ENiCu-7 is a welding filler material with numerous properties and applications. Its unique composition of nickel, copper, and other metals provides excellent strength, flexibility, and conductivity. Its outstanding resistance to corrosion makes it ideal for marine and other harsh environments. We hope this guide has been informative and valuable to you as you continue expanding your welding industry knowledge.

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