ThePipingMart Blog other Laser Welding vs Resistance Welding – What’s the Difference

Laser Welding vs Resistance Welding – What’s the Difference

Laser Welding vs Resistance Welding

Welding is a crucial process in the manufacturing and fabrication industries. It is all about joining two or more materials with the help of heat and pressure, but different welding processes depend on the materials being used. Two of the popular welding methods are laser welding and resistance welding. But what are the differences between the two? In this blog post, we will discuss the critical differences between these two types of welding.

What is Laser Welding?

Laser welding is a process of joining metals or thermoplastics together using heat generated from a laser. It’s an extremely versatile technique, capable of welding virtually any material, regardless of thickness and size. The weld created by laser welding can be extremely strong, making it perfect for applications that require precision and reliability. Beyond metals and plastics, the process can even be used to join dissimilar materials such as glass or ceramic with metal components.

What is Resistance Welding?

Resistance welding is a technique used to join two pieces of metal together by applying heat and pressure. It works by using electrical resistance generated from the passage of an electric current through the metallic contact points between the two pieces to create heat. This heat melts and fuses the metals along their contact surfaces, forming a permanent bond. The process is often automated for precision and speed. It’s commonly used in automotive manufacturing, aerospace engineering, electronics production, medical device construction and many other industries where high-strength welds are required for safe operation or assembly.

Difference Between Laser Welding and Resistance Welding

The welding process:

The primary difference between laser welding and resistance welding is their welding process. Laser welding is a welding process that uses high-intensity light beams to melt and fuse metals, while resistance welding is a welding process that uses electrification and pressure to join metals.

Material thickness:

Laser welding is ideal for welding thinner materials, including sheet metals and foil materials, ranging from 0.01mm to 2mm thickness. Resistance welding is used for but is not limited to, thicker materials that do not require extreme precision, from 0.5mm to 12mm thickness.

Weld quality:

Laser welding has a higher weld quality compared to resistance welding. Laser welding provides a small, precise weld, ensuring minimal heat input and reducing the risk of warping or distortion. On the other hand, resistance welding produces a more substantial weld than laser welding, making it suitable for pieces where an excellent appearance isn’t necessary. However, resistance welding makes a very consistent weld, and the unattractive weld appearance can be rectified post-weld.


Laser welding has a faster welding rate than resistance welding. It can finish your welding project quickly, making it more efficient, preferred, and cost-effective. Resistance welding, on the other hand, takes a bit longer, making it excellent for thick materials that need a lot of heat input.


The cost of resistance welding is lower than laser welding as the resistance welding equipment is simpler and more cost-effective than those used for laser welding. While resistance welding equipment may be less expensive initially, the time and cost saved using laser welding far outweigh the equipment cost. The application cycle time with laser welding is shorter, requiring minimal inspection, hence reducing the overall cost of the application.


In conclusion, each welding process has unique advantages and disadvantages depending on the materials, thickness, and, most importantly, the application. While Laser welding provides more precision and speed than resistance welding, resistance welding is a more cost-effective solution. Therefore, when selecting a welding method, it is essential to consider your welding project’s requirements. Finally, you should seek professional advice from skilled welding technicians to help you choose a suitable method for your welding project that produces accurate, consistent, and high-quality results.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Post